The NIH has a double article on grant applications, the GAO report explains. The first degree of review occurs in committees with members who have expertise within the subject for the application. A lot more than 40,000 applications are submitted to the NIH each year, and every committee (there are about 100, with 18 to 20 members per committee) reviews as much as 100 applications. The agency usually follows the recommendations associated with the committee in approving grant applications. Then there is a secondary amount of review, by an advisory council, composed of external scientists and lay members of the general public, including patient-group advocates additionally the clergy. Peer article on continuing grants occur during the time that is same new projects.
National Science Foundation peer report about grants
The National Science Foundation uses the concept of merit as part of its peer review process, the GAO report says. Read more